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Home > Vastu Architecture > Vastushastra and Modern Architecture
Vastushastra and Modern Architecture

Modern architecture as taught in India borrows heavily from the West European architecture which has at its base total utilitarian view of life, and superficially draws sustenance from concepts like balance, harmony, rhythm, form, shape, proportion, functional utility, efficiency and beauty. These concepts are valid in Vastushastra also, but the inspiration differ. While Vastushastra attempts to design dwellings, which are beneficial to the body and mind of the dweller, modern architecture sometimes gets so much obssessed with ideas like economy, lifestyle, function, and effeciency that it almost forgets the inherent psychological needs like peace and tranquillity of a human being occupying the structure. Sometimes, the hands of an architect are forced because of professional compulsions like satisfying the demands of builders and developers. The individuality in architectural creations, visible in earlier times, has in recent times been lost to problems associated with group or mass housing techniques.

In Vastushastra as well as modern architecture, shapes like square and the rectangle indicate safety, completeness and stability. But the shapes in the nature of the triangle, indicative of security and rounded shapes representing grace and progress in modern architecture are avoided in vastu shastra. Modern architecture,though outwardly elegant,is yet to imbibe the smooth way in which Vastushastra has found balance between symmetry and asymmetry in designing structures.

With architectural students actively seeking exposure to the traditional Vastushastra and concepts like cosmic energy flow, the practice of modern architecture is bound to undergo substantial changes. An expert in Vastushastra is supposed to know not only architecture, but other disciplines likeYogashastra and Astrology.Indeed there are many practising architects in India who are enthusiastically using concepts from Vastusahstra, and cosmic energy flow, and analysis in their designs with positive results.Despite the fact that architects are forced by constraints imposed by developers and builders to limit themselves to predetermined design techniques,there definetely is a great appreciation for ancient Vastushastra amongst the architectural fraternity.

Modem architecture as taught in India borrows heavily from the West European architecture which has at its base total utilitarian view of life, and superficially draws sustenance from concepts like balance, harmony, rhythm, form, shape, proportion, functional utility, efficiency and beauty. These concepts are valid in Vastushastra also, but the inspirations differ. Certain important observations can be made as regards architecture being practised today, as against concepts found in ancient texts on Vastushastra.

Modern architecture, though outwardly elegant, is yet to imbibe the smooth way in which Vastushastra has found balance between symmetry and asymmetry in designing structures. But the trends are changing. Architects have started borrowing from concepts of climatology, environmental engineering, and cosmic energy flow principles to design dwellings that are in harmony with nature and closer to Vastushastra logic.

Modern architecture aims at bodily comforts of a dweller and functional effectiveness of the structure; the vastu aims at ensuring the health, happiness, prosperity, and well being of the human being occupying the dwelling and endows him with a sustained peace and tranquility of mind.

Architecture defines spaces and creates spatial forms in order to allot living spaces and utilitarian spaces amongst the occupants of a dwelling. Modern architecture emphasises more on economy and lifestyle and pays less attention to the pyschological needs like peace and tranquillity of a individual residing in the house.

Vastushastra deals with four kind of spaces - space within human form, contructed space, terrestrial space, and cosmic space. A vastu shastri tries to achieve harmony between all these spaces and in this process creates microcosm in the built up space that replicates the qualities of the macocosm. Vastushastra aims at building houses that are beneficial to the body and mind of the dweller.

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